Landlocked region of rugged topography in west-central Asia Minor (q.v.), traversed by major military roads, along which the strategic military station of Dorylaion (q.v.) was situated. Other important cities included Kotyaion, Synada, Akroinon, and Amorion (qq.v.). The region was the original home of an assortment of Christian heretics, including Montanists, Novatians (qq.v.), and the sect of Athinganoi who observed the Jewish Sabbath and kept the Mosaic law (though not circumcision). Phrygia was defended from Arab raids by the themes of Opsikion and Thrakesion (qq.v.), but in the late 11th century it succumbed to the Seljuks (q.v.). Indeed, victories over the Seljuks by the armies of the First Crusade (q.v.) had the effect of pushing the Seljuks back from the Aegean (q.v.) coast and concentrating them in Phrygia, making the region a barrier to Byzantine and Crusader armies. By 1098 Alexios I Komnenos (q.v.) was resettling some of the Greek population farther to the west. By the early 13th century the region was lost to the Seljuks (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • PHRYGIA — PHRYGIA, district in central Asia Minor, part of the Roman province of Asia after the death of Attalus III (133 B.C.E.), the last king of pergamum . A Jewish community was established in Phrygia no later than the end of the third century B.C.E.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Phrygĭa [1] — Phrygĭa, Pflanzengattung, s. u. Centaurea e) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Phrygĭa [2] — Phrygĭa, ein Theil von Kleinasien, welcher in den verschiedenen Zeiten sehr verschiedene Ausdehnung hatte; namentlich gehörte früher das Küstenland unter dem Namen Kleinphrygia od. P. am Hellespont dazu (welches später als Klein Mysien abgetrennt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Phrygia — PHRYGIA, æ, Gr. Φρυγία, ας, (⇒ Tab. II.) des Arges Frau, mit welcher er den Deusus, Atron und die Atreneste zeugete. Philosteph. ap. Steph. Byz. in Ἀρτηνή …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phrygia [1] — PHRYGIA, æ, ein Beynamen der Cybele; Virgil. Aen. VII. v. 139. weil sie in Phrygien nicht allein geboren war, Diod. Sic. l. III. c. 58. p. 134. sondern daselbst auch zuerst verehret wurde. Id. ib. c. 59. p. 135 …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Phrygia — [frij′ē ə] ancient country in WC Asia Minor …   English World dictionary

  • Phrygia — In antiquity, Phrygia ( el. Φρυγία) was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now modern day Turkey. The Phrygians (Phruges or Phryges) initially lived in the Southern Balkans; according to Herodotus, under the name of… …   Wikipedia

  • PHRYGIA — I. PHRYGIA locus Oetae montis, ubi combustus Hercules, ἀπὸ τοὺ πεφρύχθαι ἐκεῖ τὸν Η῾ρακλέα. Item, locus inter Boeotiam et Atticam, sic dictus propter φρύγανα, quibus oppletus esset; dicuntur autem φρύγανα Graecis, item φρύγια, cremia, fomites,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Phrygia — /frij ee euh/, n. an ancient country in central and NW Asia Minor. * * * Ancient district, west central Anatolia. It was named for a people whom the Greeks called Phryges and who dominated Anatolia between the Hittite collapse (12th century BC)… …   Universalium

  • Phrygia —    Dry, an irregular and ill defined district in Asia Minor. It was divided into two parts, the Greater Phrygia on the south, and the Lesser Phrygia on the west. It is the Greater Phrygia that is spoken of in the New Testament. The towns of… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Phrygia — geographical name ancient country W central Asia Minor divided about 400 B.C. into Greater Phrygia (the inland region) & Lesser Phrygia (region along the Dardanelles) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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